North Dakota typically leads the nation in sunflower production, and plants approximately 800,000 to 1,000,000 acres annually. Unlike most crops grown in the United States, sunflower is native to the U.S. and is commonly thought to have originated in the mid-south to mid-west regions of the country.
growers and stakeholders directly in monitoring for sunflower pests, this
Crop-Pest Program will provide growers with current pest distributions and
economic population levels, provide relevant and timely pest management
information, prevent/mitigate yield loss, and improve teaching and Extension
sunflower pest management tools.
many local insect and pathogen pests co-evolved with sunflowers and the number
of pests causing economic yield loss and the damage severity is higher for
sunflower than other crops grown in North Dakota. The number of pathogens and
insect pests capable of causing economic yield loss makes every aspect of IPM
difficult for sunflower growers; from simple differentiation among 20+ diseases
or interpretation of threshold information for multiple insects.