Rationale for the iPiPE Cooperative Agricultural
The rationale for the iPiPE CAP is based on
the premise that food security will be challenged by the introduction and
spread of new, foreign, and emerging pests (pathogens, insects, and weeds) that
could result in catastrophic U.S. crop losses. We contend that:
| || |
Food security depends on an awareness of geographic distribution and severity of such pests (hereafter called target pests) as well as other important endemic crop pests.
| || |
Food security is also diminished by incremental, non-catastrophic situations that insidiously exacerbate pest management-related costs and risks.
Consequently, producers need observations and their interpretation through expert commentary for early warning of target and other important endemic crop pests. Currently, stakeholders collect large quantities of target and other endemic pest observations, but usually do not share them in a timely way. Until comprehensive pest data sets are compiled centrally for sharing in a timely manner, stakeholders will be unable to take full advantage of cyberage Web technologies (e.g., smart devices and apps, large, rapid data transmission capacity, and cloud computing).
Currently, private sector investment supports the
iPiPE for a few selected endemic pests. The USDA CAP is supporting the addition
of new iPiPE Crop-Pest programs. The private sector will have more incentive to
increase support for iPiPE when data on target and other important endemic
pathogens, insects, and weeds from these new programs becomes accessible
through the platform. The result will be increased funding for iPiPE activities
by the private sector, along with a shift in culture toward the near real-time sharing
of crop pest observations.